Logging

Zigbee2MQTT can output logs to the console, a logfile or a (remote) Syslog server.

The log-level can be adjusted at runtime, see MQTT Topics and Messages for details.

advanced:
  # Optional: Logging level, options: debug, info, warning, error (default: info)
  log_level: info
  # Optional: Set individual log levels for certain namespaces (default: {})
  log_namespaced_levels:
    z2m:mqtt: warning
  # Optional: log timestamp format (default: shown below)
  timestamp_format: 'YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss'
  # Optional: Location of log directory (default: shown below)
  log_directory: data/log/%TIMESTAMP%
  # Optional: Log file name, can also contain timestamp, e.g.: zigbee2mqtt_%TIMESTAMP%.log (default: shown below)
  log_file: log.txt
  # Optional: Rotate log every 10MB around 3 files (default: true)
  log_rotation: true
  # Optional: Output location of the log (default: shown below), leave empty to suppress logging (log_output: [])
  # possible options: 'console', 'file', 'syslog'
  log_output:
    - console
    - file
  # Create a symlink called "current" in the log directory which points to the latests log directory. (default: false)
  log_symlink_current: false
  # Optional: syslog configuration, skip values or entirely to use defaults. Only use when 'syslog' in 'log_output' (see above)
  log_syslog:
    host: localhost # The host running syslogd, defaults to localhost.
    port: 514 # The port on the host that syslog is running on, defaults to syslogd's default port.
    protocol: udp4 # The network protocol to log over (e.g. tcp4, udp4, tls4, unix, unix-connect, etc).
    path: /dev/log # The path to the syslog dgram socket (i.e. /dev/log or /var/run/syslog for OS X).
    pid: process.pid # PID of the process that log messages are coming from (Default process.pid).
    facility: local0 # Syslog facility to use (Default: local0).
    localhost: localhost # Host to indicate that log messages are coming from (Default: localhost).
    type: "5424" # The type of the syslog protocol to use (Default: BSD, also valid: 5424).
    app_name: Zigbee2MQTT # The name of the application (Default: Zigbee2MQTT).
    eol: '\n' # The end of line character to be added to the end of the message (Default: Message without modifications).

Reducing MQTT traffic

Logging can have a significant impact on MQTT traffic. For that reason, only info level and above are published to MQTT by default (see below if you want to change this behavior). You can reduce it further by increasing specific levels for certain namespaces you do not need to log with the setting log_namespaced_levels. One of the big factors in traffic from logging is the namespace z2m:mqtt, you can increase its level while keeping the rest at info using:

advanced:
  log_level: info
  log_namespaced_levels:
    z2m:mqtt: warning

Debugging

In case Zigbee2MQTT isn't working as expected the following tips can help you in finding the problem. First enable debug logging by adding the following in your configuration.yaml:

advanced:
  log_level: debug

In the logging you will see the following abbreviations:

To change log level at runtime, use the frontend or MQTT

Publishing to MQTT and to frontend

In an effort to improve performance, debug-level logs are no longer published to MQTT and to frontend by default. If you want them published, you can use the following setting:

advanced:
  log_debug_to_mqtt_frontend: true

Preventing specific namespaces from being logged

A regex-based way to filter out certain debug lines based on their namespaces.

Examples:

Filter out log namespaces starting with:

  • zhc:legacy:fz:tuya
  • or zhc:legacy:fz:moes
advanced:
  log_debug_namespace_ignore: '^zhc:legacy:fz:(tuya|moes)'

Filter out log namespaces starting with:

  • zhc:legacy:fz:tuya
  • or zhc:legacy:fz:moes
  • or zh:ember:uart: (any namespace below uart)
  • or zh:controller (any namespace below controller and controller itself)
advanced:
  log_debug_namespace_ignore: '^zhc:legacy:fz:(tuya|moes)|^zh:ember:uart:|^zh:controller'

See https://regex101.com/open in new window if you need some help building a regex. Make sure to use Flavor: ECMAScript (JavaScript).